Lately, I’ve had a couple of friends ask about the career outlets that one could take in the world of Software. Although this field is the most lucrative, it can also be mind boggling to figure out where to get started. These paths taken are just based off my personal experiences and encounters, but also tailored towards those looking to get their foot into the industry with or without a formal Education.
1. Data Entry
Although this isn’t the most lucrative job it’s something that can be done by almost anyone. This type of work was actually how landed my foot in the door with a Fortune 500 company. The work is repetitive, but most are copy and paste type tasks. To put things into the scenario, some companies have legacy documents and systems that are scanned or become very difficult for data analysts and administrators to extract, therefore they need people to search through legacy documents and input them into an internal system or Excel Spreadsheet.
2. Data Analyst
Data Analysts essentially analyze and pick apart data. Most of the data analysts I’ve met throughout my career have experience in tools such as Tableau, or Qlik, which are common software tools to perform tasks on business analysis and data. They are also fluent in Microsoft Excel along with Excel formulas to perform certain tasks assigned. Some also possess a skill-set in SQL (Structured Query Language).
3. Data Engineer
Most of the Data Engineers I’ve met during my occupation have a strong background in Mathematics and statistics. The majority are fluent in SQL, but some have worked with NO-SQL Databases such as MongoDB. Machine Learning and algorithms seem to play a heavy role in data engineers.
4.Quality Assurance & Tester
A QA specialist or the commonly known term of a tester usually performs something called regression tests on software releases that developers make to ensure the integrity and functionality of the software performs as expected. These could include performing repetitive user testing to ensure that nothing in the software is broke after a new release and to also find defects and bugs within an application.
5. Test Automation Engineer
Test automation engineers usually automate repetitive tasks using testing frameworks such as Selenium, or specific libraries within the software to test releases made by developers and engineers. Some of these could be User Interface testing, or they can also be back-end testing with specific functions to ensure the integrity of the software product.
6. Website Designer
A website designer can range from several tasks. besides the classic adobe suite to create custom designs, some will create mock-ups and wire-frames using tools such as Balsamiq, or Invision. Designers usually create the overall general concept that would meet a client’s need, and provide the visual aesthetics or “look and feel” of a software product that developers would create.
7. Website Developer
8. Front End Engineer
9. Back End Engineer
Probably one of the most technical concentrations to specialize in, Back End Engineers specialize in the logic and functionality of applications. these can range from small scale applications to enterprise-level platforms. These engineers are responsible for dictating how data and input from the user are processed and transferred to a server and vise versa. Some commonly known back end programming languages include C#, Java, Python, Ruby, and PHP. They also tend to work closely with databases to fetch and process data API (Application Programming Interface).
10. Full-Stack Software Engineer
As a Full-Stack Software Engineer, these hard-working whippersnappers are responsible for both the Front-end, Back-end, and full overall development of the web application.